Oil Discovered in Mexia, Texas
When oil was discovered in Mexia, Texas, in 1920, it precipitated an enormous population explosion. Mexia went from 3,500 to 35,000 people within one year. The rapid growth was excessive for local authorities, and for a short time in 1922 Mexia was under martial law. That year was the peak of production for the Mexia field, with 35 million barrels produced. Cumulative production of the field totaled 108 million barrels by the mid-1980s. But after the initial oil boom the population declined almost as precipitously as it had risen and was down to 10,000 by the mid-1920s.
Beauty is only skin deep but Texas is to the bone.